Are E-Bikes Allowed on Sidewalks in the United States?

E-bikes, also known as electric bicycles, have gained popularity in recent years due to their capacity to provide more environmentally friendly and economical transportation.

However, as e-bike usage has increased, concerns regarding where they are authorized to operate have surfaced. 

Is it legal for e-bikes to ride on sidewalks in the US? This article will examine the laws that apply to e-bike usage on sidewalks at the federal, state, and local levels.

Federal Regulations

As per the Electric Bicycle Act of 2002, a two or three-wheeled vehicle with fully functional pedals and an electric motor of power less than 750 watts is considered an e-bike. Depending on their maximum aided speed and how the motor assists, e-bikes fall into categories as Class 1, Class 2, or Class 3.

The Federal Highway Administration advises treating e-bikes like conventional bicycles even if there are no federal laws, particularly limiting their usage on sidewalks. Hence, unless particular local-level restrictions barring them exist, e-bikes’ usage on sidewalks is permitted.

State Regulations

E-bike legislation varies greatly from state to state, with some considering them more like mopeds or motor vehicles than ordinary bicycles. 

For instance, e-bikes are legal on sidewalks in California since they are considered ordinary bicycles unless local regulations specifically exclude them. On the other hand, e-bikes cannot be used on sidewalks in Massachusetts and New York because they are considered motor vehicles.

E-bikes aren’t often permitted on sidewalks in Oregon. However, certain exceptions are made for riders with impairments or when it’s important for safety.

Local Regulations

Even within the same state, local e-bike legislation might differ. For instance, it is against the law to ride an e-bike on a sidewalk in New York City. However, it is OK in Buffalo unless a local regulation forbids it.

Benefits and Risks of Riding E-Bikes on Sidewalks

In recent years, e-bikes, or electric bicycles, have gained popularity as an alternate mode of transportation. Nonetheless, it is debatable whether e-bikes should be permitted on sidewalks.

Several advantages and dangers of using e-bikes on sidewalks are listed below:


Safer for E-Bike Riders: E-bike riders may find sidewalks safer than wide roads. This is especially true for the less experienced or uncomfortable riders in traffic. Riders may avoid the risks of sharing the road with automobiles, trucks, and buses. 

Hence, using e-bikes on sidewalks lowers the chances of accidents and injuries for e-bike riders.

Higher Accessibility: By allowing e-bikes on sidewalks, more people, especially older people and those with disabilities, will have easier access. It can boost their mobility and offer these people a handy, eco-friendly means of transportation.

Reduce Traffic on the Roads: Permitting e-bikes on sidewalks helps to reduce traffic congestion on the roads. Fewer automobiles may be on the road if more people ride e-bikes on sidewalks. 

Hence, the traffic blockages that sometimes happen due to small vehicles in the lane may reduce, making it simpler for drivers to maneuver.


Risky for Pedestrian Safety: The safety of pedestrians is the main concern connected to letting e-bikes on sidewalks. Pedestrians may be more at risk for collisions or accidents with e-bikes. 

These instances can result in serious injuries or even fatalities, especially for older persons and those with disabilities.

Increased Traffic on Sidewalks: Increased traffic may result from allowing e-bikes on sidewalks, especially in major pedestrian areas like downtowns or retail malls. This issue could make it harder for people to maneuver, and raise the possibility of accidents.

Pedestrian Disturbance: E-bikes on sidewalks may obstruct pedestrian traffic, especially if they are driven dangerously or at high speeds. Because of this reason, it may become an uncomfortable or anxiety-producing situation for people to stroll on the sidewalks.

In conclusion, there are advantages and disadvantages to using e-bikes on sidewalks. While it can make transit safer and more convenient for some people, it can also present safety issues and interfere with pedestrian activities. 

Consequently, it is crucial to consider these aspects and carefully balance the advantages and disadvantages when evaluating various e-bike laws on sidewalks.

Guidelines and Security Measures for E-Bike Riding on Sidewalks

While different laws control e-bikes on sidewalks, it is crucial to put safety first when doing so. Following are some safety advice and recommendations for e-bike riders when riding on a sidewalk: 

  • Always Move Aside for Pedestrians: On sidewalks, it’s crucial to constantly give way to pedestrians since they have the right of way. Give them lots of room, slow down, get off your e-bike, and walk it if necessary.
  • Regulate Your Pace: It’s crucial to maintain a reasonable pace when riding an e-bike, especially when there are a lot of pedestrians nearby. Be mindful of your surroundings at all times, and change your pace as necessary.
  • Use Your E-Bike Horn or Bell: To make pedestrians aware of your presence, use your e-bike bell or horn. Doing so is especially important when approaching from behind or when there are hard-of-hearing pedestrians.
  • Watch Out for Obstructions: Your safety matters as much as others. Hence, beware of the challenges and obstacles on the sidewalks. 

Some common obstacles that may result in collisions are curbs, poles, and street art. Thus, stay vigilant of your surroundings and alter your pace and path appropriately.

  • Employ Reflectors and Lights: It’s crucial to use reflectors and lights when riding an e-bike on a sidewalk at night, or in poor light, to make yourself visible to pedestrians and other cars. Doing so will help you and the pedestrians stay safe and prevent possible collisions. 
  • Put on a Helmet: You should always wear a helmet when using an e-bike on the road or the sidewalk. In the case of an accident or a fall, a helmet can aid in your protection.
  • Adhere to Traffic Lights: Be mindful of traffic lights and signs when using your e-bike on a sidewalk across a road or an intersection. Before crossing, look both ways and yield to approaching traffic. 

Moreover, adhering to traffic lights will also keep people nearby safe from your vehicle. 

  • Use Hand Gestures: Use hand signals to indicate turns and lane changes, much like when riding on the road. Doing so will make other bikers and pedestrians aware of your intentions.
  • Stay Vigilant: Sidewalks have more pedestrians around, and while your safety matters, so does theirs. Hence, at all times, stay vigilant and aware of your surroundings. 
  • Moreover, minimize distractions when riding your e-bike, such as phone use, and pay attention to possible risks or obstructions. When viewing your e-bike display, be mindful of the people around you. 
  • Be Courteous: Always be kind and mindful of the fact that pedestrians share the sidewalk with you. While traveling through congested places or approaching pedestrians, slow down or dismount, and always be courteous.
  • Know Your Electric Bike: It’s critical to be knowledgeable about your e-bike features. Spend time becoming comfortable with the bike’s settings and controls before riding on a sidewalk. 
  • Doing so will give you more confidence riding the e-bike on a sidewalk. Furthermore, it’ll ensure safety and prevent the risks of collisions as you’ll know which feature to activate. 
  • Maintain Your E-Bike: Your e-bike needs routine maintenance to operate safely. Keep your brakes, tires, and other parts in excellent shape, and inspect them frequently for any signs of wear or damage.

Maintaining your e-bike for proper usage on sidewalks is essential to avoid uncomfortable occurrences. Moreover, if you need to troubleshoot any problems, dismount carefully and attend to the e-bike’s needs on the side of the road. 

Following these safety precautions and guidelines will make riding an e-bike on a sidewalk safer and more pleasurable. Furthermore, these guidelines are crucial to ensure the safety of people around you on sidewalks. 

Always put your safety first and show consideration for pedestrians sharing the sidewalk with you. If everything else fails, a simple apology and positive attitude might go a long way to ensure safe riding for you and the people around you. 

Wrapping Up

In conclusion, many laws control the riding of e-bikes on sidewalks across the United States. Thus, neither the federal government nor the states have uniform laws. 

Some people express concern about the safety of pedestrians and the possibility of congestion and interruption. In contrast, others claim that e-bikes on sidewalks are safer and more accessible. 

As the use of e-bikes increases, local governments must carefully weigh the potential advantages and disadvantages of permitting them on sidewalks. Until that happens, keep following the existing laws for riding an e-bike on the sidewalks. 

Abiding by the regulations will ensure safe riding to protect you, fellow e-bike riders, and pedestrians. 

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